The effectiveness of living labs forsuccessful implementation of innovation in healthcare: a systematic review

N. Zipfel, C.T.J. Hulshof, Angela G. EM de Boer, S.J. Vermeulen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic


The concept of living labs gained increasing attention over the past decade as a
research method to enhance participation of end-users in the development and
implementation process of an innovation. In healthcare it is unknown if the living
lab approach can achieve better practice-wide implementation.
The objective of this systematic literature review is to summarize the literature
on the effectiveness of a living lab approach on successful implementation of
A systematic literature review was conducted searching the Pubmed, Embase,
Psycinfo and CINAHL databases to identify papers reporting on livings labs and
successful implementation. The search terms for the concept of living labs
include : living lab, collaborative innovation, co-creation, co-creation of
knowledge, co-design, co-production, collaborative action research and
participatory action research. To evaluate the effect of living labs on successful
implementation, studies are included that describe successful implementation as
innovations that are implemented in standard practice . Data extraction is
performed using a pre-defined data extraction form and risk of bias is assessed
with the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) checklist for qualitative
research. No restriction on study type is incurred. For the data synthesis a
narrative synthesis is used. We anticipate that there will be limited scope for
meta-analysis and pooling of data as the studies are expected to be
A preliminary search yielded 1095 unique papers that will be screened. The
results will be available at the time of the conferences and are currently
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sept 2021
EventEUMASS Congress and SIM Annual Meeting: Science and practice in the field of insurance medicine – present and future challenges in the European and Swiss context - Online, Basel, Switzerland
Duration: 16 Sept 202117 Sept 2021
Conference number: 2021


ConferenceEUMASS Congress and SIM Annual Meeting
Abbreviated titleEUMASS
Internet address

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