The Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Evinacumab in Patients With Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Frederick J. Raal, Robert S. Rosenson, Laurens F. Reeskamp, John J.P. Kastelein, Paolo Rubba, P. Barton Duell, Masahiro Koseki, Erik Stroes, Shazia Ali, Poulabi Banerjee, Kuo Chen Chan, Nagwa Khilla, Jennifer McGinniss, Robert Pordy, Yi Zhang, Daniel Gaudet

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Background: Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HoFH) is characterized by early-onset atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease due to the high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) burden. Patients with null-null low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) variants respond poorly, if at all, to statins and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors, which act by upregulating LDLR expression. The 24-week double-blind treatment period (DBTP) of the phase 3 ELIPSE HoFH (Evinacumab Lipid Studies in Patients with Homozygous Familial hypercholesterolemia; NCT03399786) study demonstrated significant LDL-C reductions in patients with HoFH; LDL-C reductions were also observed in those with null-null LDLR mutations. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate longer-term efficacy and safety of evinacumab in patients with HoFH from the ELIPSE HoFH study. Methods: Patients with HoFH on stable lipid-lowering therapies (LLTs) ± lipoprotein apheresis and screening LDL-C ≥70 mg/dL who completed the DBTP entered the 24-week open-label treatment period (OLTP) and received intravenous evinacumab 15 mg/kg every 4 weeks. OLTP results were summarized descriptively. Results: A total of 64 patients completed the DBTP and received open-label evinacumab. Despite multiple LLTs, the mean baseline LDL-C at DBTP entry was 250.5 ± 162.3 mg/dL. From baseline to week 48 (end of OLTP), evinacumab reduced mean LDL-C by 46.3% (mean reduction, 134.3 ± 117.3 mg/dL), with similar mean LDL-C reductions for patients with null-null (47.2%) and non-null variants (45.9%). Adverse events occurred in 47 (73.4%) patients; 4 (6.3%) patients experienced adverse events considered evinacumab-related (drug hypersensitivity, infusion-related reaction and asthenia, generalized pruritis, and muscle spasms). Conclusions: In patients with HoFH, evinacumab demonstrated substantial and sustained LDL-C reduction regardless of LDLR function, and was generally well tolerated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100648
JournalJACC: Advances
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023


  • angiopoietin-like protein 3
  • clinical trial
  • evinacumab
  • homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia
  • lipids
  • lipoprotein

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