Low miR-19b-1-5p Expression Is Related to Aspirin Resistance and Major Adverse Cardio- Cerebrovascular Events in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome

Sandeep Singh, Maurice W. J. de Ronde, Esther E. Creemers, Ingeborg van der Made, Roelien Meijering, Mark Y. Chan, Sock Hwee Tan, Chee Tang Chin, A. Mark Richards, Richard W. Troughton, Alan Yean Yip Fong, Bryan P. Yan, Sara-Joan Pinto-Sietsma

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BACKGROUND: Because of a nonresponse to aspirin (aspirin resistance), patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are at increased risk of developing recurrent event. The in vitro platelet function tests have potential limitations, making them unsuitable for the detection of aspirin resistance. We investigated whether miR-19b-1-5p could be utilized as a biomarker for aspirin resistance and future major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular (MACCE) events in patients with ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this cohort study, patients with ACS were enrolled from multiple tertiary hospitals in Christchurch, Hong Kong, Sarawak, and Singapore between 2011 and 2015. MiR-19b-1-5p expression was measured from buffy coat of patients with ACS (n=945) by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Platelet function was determined by Multiplate aggregometry testing. MACCE was collected over a mean follow-up time of 1.01±0.43 years. Low miR-19b-1-5p expression was found to be related to aspirin resistance as could be observed from sustained platelet aggregation in the presence of aspirin (-Log-miR-19b-1-5p, [unstandardized beta, 44.50; 95% CI, 2.20-86.80; P<0.05]), even after adjusting for age, sex, ethnicity, and prior history of stroke. Lower miR-19b-1-5p expression was independently associated with a higher risk of MACCE (-Log-miR-19b-1-5p, [hazard ratio, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.23-2.80; P<0.05]). Furthermore, a significant interaction was noted between the inverse miR-19b-1-5p expression and family history of premature coronary artery disease (P=0.01) on the risk of MACCE. CONCLUSIONS: Lower miR-19b-1-5p expression was found to be associated with sustained platelet aggregation on aspirin, and a higher risk of MACCE in patients with ACS. Therefore, miR-19b-1-5p could be a suitable marker for aspirin resistance and might predict recurrence of MACCE in patients with ACS.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere017120
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2021


  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Aspirin resistance
  • Biomarkers
  • Coronary artery disease
  • MicroRNAs

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