The class I scavenger receptor CD163 promotes internalization of ADAMTS13 by macrophages

Fabian C. Verbij, Nicoletta Sorvillo, Paul H. P. Kaijen, Johana Hrdinova, Ivan Peyron, Rob Fijnheer, Anja ten Brinke, Alexander B. Meijer, Floris P. J. van Alphen, Timo K. van den Berg, Jonas J. H. Graversen, Soren K. Moestrup, Jan Voorberg

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Internalization of ADAMTS13 by macrophages may contribute to its clearance from the circulation. Here we investigated endocytic mechanisms that contribute to the uptake of ADAMTS13 by macrophages. Human monocyte-derived macrophages were used to monitor the uptake of fluorescently labeled recombinant ADAMTS13 by flow cytometry. Internalization of ADAMTS13 was blocked upon addition of the cell-permeable dynamin inhibitor dynasore. Partial blocking of ADAMTS13 uptake was observed by using mannan; however, uptake was not affected by an antibody that blocked binding to the macrophage mannose receptor CD206, which suggests that other endocytic receptors contribute to the internalization of ADAMTS13 by macrophages. A pull-down with ADAMTS13 and subsequent mass spectrometric analysis identified the class I scavenger receptor CD163 as a candidate receptor for ADAMTS13. Blocking experiments with monoclonal anti-CD163 antibody EDHu-1 resulted in decreased ADAMTS13 internalization by macrophages. Pronounced inhibition of ADAMTS13 uptake by EDHu-1 was observed in CD163 high-expressing macrophages. In agreement with these findings, CD163-expressing Chinese hamster ovary cells were capable of rapidly internalizing ADAMTS13. Surface plasmon resonance revealed binding of ADAMTS13 to scavenger receptor cysteine-rich domains 1-9 and 1-5 of CD163. Taken together, our data identify CD163 as a major endocytic receptor for ADAMTS13 on macrophages
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-305
JournalBlood advances
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2017

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